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ARPSC 2010

Michigan 2010 Summary

An overview of the 2010 program year

John McDonough, WB8RCR

Michigan Section, Section Emergency Coordinator / Section Traffic Manager

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Working with state and local governments, as well as a wide variety of non-governmental agencies, Michigan amateurs participate in a wide range of public service and emergency preparedness activities. This report outlines the efforts of the 2010 calendar year.

1. Overview
2. Amateur Radio Emergency Service
2.1. Organization
3. National Traffic System
3.1. Organization
4. Individual Amateur Reporting
4.1. Public Service Honor Roll
4.2. Station Activity Reports
4.3. Brass Pounder's League
5. New Media
5.1. Electronic Mail
5.2. Web
5.3. Blogs
5.4. Online Social Groups
5.5. Microblogging
5.6. Online Meetings
5.7. Wiki
6. Significant Incidents
7. Exercises
7.1. State-sponsored exercises
7.2. Section Exercises
7.3. 2011 Exercise Plans
8. Conferences
9. State Homeland Security Strategy
A. Revision History

1. Overview

The Michigan Amateur Radio Public Service Corps (ARPSC) is an organization of over 2,000 amateur radio operators who participate in public service and emergency response activities. These include such things as providing communications for various walks and runs, as well as reporting storm damage, participating in search and rescue efforts, and providing backup communications for public safety officers.
There are two primary programs, the Amateur Radio Emergency Services (ARES) and the National Traffic System (NTS). ARES provides "feet on the ground" for various events and incidents, while NTS provides a communications infrastructure that moves formal messages acroos the state and across the nation.
There are two other programs, associated with ARES, which do not report independently. These are RACES and SKYWARN. RACES consists of those ARES members who have been approved by their local government to operate in critical areas such as incident scenes or Emergency Operations Centers. This approval generally requires a degree of training and a background check. The Michigan Section and the Michigan State Police have published suggested RACES qualifications, but the responsibility for vetting RACES members rests with the local Emergency Management Coordinator. Most counties follow the guidelines closely.
SKYWARN members provide ground weather observations to their local jurisdictions and to the National Weather Service. SKYWARN member do not have to be ARES members, but almost always are, and most counties run SKYWARN programs as part of their ARES programs. SKYWARN observers are trained by the National Weather Service.
Together, Michigan amateurs reported over 85,000 volunteer hours during 2010 representing a value of over $1.5 million.

2. Amateur Radio Emergency Service

ARES represents the largest program. ARES has a program in each Michigan county, managed by an Emergency Coordinator who works closely with the Emergency Management Director of the county to provide backup communications to the local jurisdiction.
Because Michigan counties are so varied, the ARES organizations within those counties are quite varied. Although their primary customer is typically the county Emergency Management organization, they may also work with the local Red Cross, Salvation Army, and other NGOs. In some counties, the liaison with the fire departments or Sheriff's office is especially close. Each county has different needs, and the ARES organization attempts to meet those needs.
In Michigan, and especially southern Michigan, severe weather is common, and in many cases, the greatest effort is expended with weather related activities. Amateurs spot bad weather and report to their National Weather Service office when bad weather is approaching, and following severe weather, are often involved in recovery operations.
Late spring and early summer tend to be the time when damaging weather is encountered, and this is also the time that many organizations hold runs, walks and other events for which amateurs frequently provide communications. Hence, the peaks in the middle of the year in the graph below:
Michigan ARES Hours
FSD-212 Results
Figure 1. Michigan ARES Hours

Michigan ARES programs reported 55,087 hours in 2010, 7035 of them occuring in June. 2010 was a very light year for damaging weather. In 2009, when the state experienced much severe weather, more than twice that effort was reported in May alone, with all the late spring/early summer months exceeding June of 2010.

2.1. Organization

The Michigan State Police divides the state into 7 Districts, and appoints a District Coordinator for each. ARES has a District Emergency Coordinator for each of those districts, who works with the District coordinator. In addition, the Section appoints a District Emergency Coordinator for each of the National Weather Service offices in the state. This NWS DEC works with the office's Warning Coordination Meteorologist to provide training to SKYWARN members and implement circuits that permit field observations to be transmitted to the NWS office effectively.
These DECs are as follows:
District DEC Call DEC Name
1 K8YZA Joe Pullen
2 K8UP John Fleming
3 N8OSL Joe Tuscher
5 KB8FQJ Carl Flickinger
6 KB8VEE Tom van der Mel
7 WA8RLI Red Duggan
8 KG8NK Lou Gembolis
APX KC8YTK Chris Stinson
DTX N8ZSA Ted Davis
GRR N8VLN Michael Gage
MQT KI8AF Greg Hanson
Table 1. District Emergency Coordinators

In addition, the Section Emergency Coordinator maintains a small staff to help organize the section. These assistant SECs are:
Role ASEC Call ASEC Name
SEOC Alternate N8ERF Dr. Dennis Klipa
SEOC Station Manager K8RDN Robert Berger
Training and Exercises NX8A John (Jack) Hutcheson
Table 2. Assistant Section Emergency Coordinators

3. National Traffic System

Michigan's National Traffic System consists of amateurs who send messages (called "traffic") around the Section and around the nation. These amateurs are organized into a group of on the air nets that meet frequently with the intent of passing messages. These are the "unsung heros" of ARPSC; many practice their skill every day, but they operate behind the scene, out of the eye of the served agencies and the public.
The individual nets report monthly. Michigan nets send approximately 1000 messages a month. In 2010, they reported 13,848 messages passed. Not all traffic is reported, although the large number of non-reporting nets probably pass a small fraction of the messages. The chart below shows the performance across the year:
Affiliated Net Reporting
NTS Results
Figure 2. Affiliated Net Reporting

Detailed reports for the most recent month are available at Links on the page allow for viewing of previous reports or individual net history.
Michigan amateurs also participate in other nets. The Eighth Region net takes messages destined for out of state addresses, and collects traffic bound for Michigan to pass to Michigan representatives who will then carry those messages to the Michigan nets. The Eastern Area Net interfaces with the Region nets to move traffic among the Regions in the Eastern Area. The Transcontinental Corps arranges to move traffic between the Areas. Michigan amateurs participate in all of these, however that effort is not reflected in Michigan reporting.

3.1. Organization

The bulk of the traffic is passed through ten affiliated nets. Each net has an appointed net manager, responsible for arranging net controls and liaisons to other nets, and for reporting monthly to the Section Traffic Manager.
The affiliated nets and their net managers are:
Net Call Net Manager
Great Lakes Emergency and Traffic Net WA8IAL Jack Wiswasser
Michigan Amateur Communications System WB9JSR John Wehmer
Michigan ARPSC Net WB8RCR John McDonough
Michigan Traffic Net WB8WKQ Jeff Miller
Michigan VHF Traffic Net AC8AR Flora Jean Young
QMN, The Michigan Net K8AE Anne Travis
Southeast Michigan Traffic Net WB8WKQ Jeff Miller
Thumb and Mid-Michigan Traffic Net K8VFZ Grant Watson
Upper Peninsula Net WA8DHB Aileen Gagnon
Wolverine Single Sideband Net K9RON Ron Warczynski
Table 3. Net Managers

To be eligible for affiliation, a net must report regularly and maintain liaison with other National Traffic System nets.
In addition, there are perhaps 40 other nets operating within the state, approximately ten of which report regularly.
The STM has a small number of assistants who engage in projects such as liaison with other entities, training, and administrative duties:
KB8RCR Ryan Lughermo
VE3EUI Dennis Wilkinson
WD8USA Joe Bell
Table 4. Assistant Section Traffic Managers

4. Individual Amateur Reporting

In addition to reporting by Emergency Coordinators and Net Managers, individual amateurs are also encouraged to make reports. There are three reports from individuals; Public Service Honor Roll, Station Activity Report, and Brass Pounder's League.

4.1. Public Service Honor Roll

The Public Service Honor Roll reporting combines activity in a number of categories. Stations get "points" for net checkins, traffic, Section level appointments, public service oriented web or other digital systems, and hours spent in public or emergency service.
If a station reports 70 points within a month, that station is listed in QST, the amateur radio journal. If a station is listed for 12 consecutive months, or for 18 months out of 24, the League will issue a certificate.
PSHR reporting for 2010 has been relatively flat across the year. The summer months tend to be higher due to bad weather and various public service events.
Public Service Honor Roll Reporting
PSHR Results
Figure 3. Public Service Honor Roll Reporting

4.2. Station Activity Reports

Stations handling traffic are encouraged to submit Station Activity Reports (SAR) indicating the amount of traffic handled. Only 31 stations reported during 2010.
Since most of the traffic is handled by relatively few stations, and those stations tend to be the stations that report, the traffic totals reported are quite high. Stations handling a lot of traffic tend to be those stations that act as liaisons to Region or Area nets, so even though the number of stations reporting is quite small, the amount of traffic reported is considerably larger than the totals from net reports, which include only messages passed on Michigan nets. For 2010, Michigan stations individually reported 35,423 messages.
Station Activity Reports
SAR Results
Figure 4. Station Activity Reports

4.3. Brass Pounder's League

Stations reporting 500 messages passed in a single month, or a total of 100 originations plus deliveries are eligible for Brass Pounder's league. This requires substantial dedication, and only a few stations achieve this award.
The stations qualifying in 2010 were:
Call Name Total
WB8WKQ Jeff Miller 9010
WB9JSR John Wehmer 8287
K8LJG John Kroll 1285
K8CQF Joe Turner 101
Table 5. Brass Pounder's League

5. New Media

The section utilizes a number of electronic media to communicate with members and potential members.

5.1. Electronic Mail

The Section Emergency Coordinator maintains an email list of all Emergency Coordinators and District Emergency coordinators and uses this as a primary means of direct communications with the ECs. The Section Traffic Manager maintains a similar list of Net Managers.

5.2. Web

ARPSC maintains two web sites, one for ARES and one for NTS. There is also a Section web site for more general information, and a web site maintained by the Digiral Radio Group.
Site URL Content
Michigan Section Section news of general interest to amateurs in the Michigan Section
Amateur Radio Emergency Services Reference information of interest to ARES members, as well as performance data
National Traffic System Reference information of interest to NTS members, as well as performance data
Digital Radio Group Reference information concerning various digital modes, especially packet.
Table 6. Web Sites

The screenshot below shows an example page from the mi-arpsc site.
mi-arpsc Website
ARPSC website
Figure 5. mi-arpsc Website

In addition to the Section sites, many Districts and Nets also maintain web sites.

5.3. Blogs

The Section Emergency Coordinator also maintains a blog, however this mode has proven to be of limited utility. Much of the information that the SEC must communicate with ARPSC members has to do with the emergency planning of the State of Michigan. This information should not be widely distributed, and blogs are easily located by search engines. As a result, blog entries have been relatively sparse.

5.4. Online Social Groups

The Section also maintains two Yahoo groups, the MIARPSC group is available to all Michigan amateurs, and is often useful for a number of discussions. The MIARPSC-DEC group is private to DECs and ADECs, and is used for discussions within a smaller group.
As with websites, many Districts and nets have found it helpful to maintain their own groups, most of these also on Yahoo.

5.5. Microblogging

The section maintains two microblogging accounts; miarpsc on and mi_arpsc on "Tweets" or "dents" are sent to these sites periodically to remind followers of various upcoming events. Both sites get exactly the same feed. There is also a page on the mi-arpsc web site, where those who do not follow either microblogging site may view the feed.
ARPSC Twitter Feed
Twitter Feed
Figure 6. ARPSC Twitter Feed

The section tries to keep the volume to a few tweets a week to prevent followers from feeling that the feed is too burdensome. Many of the tweets use the #hamr hash tag, causing those that follow amateur radio tweets to also see the messages.

5.6. Online Meetings

Meetings within smaller groups are often held remotely. Simple phone conferences are frequently used. In addition, GoTo Meeting, and more recently, Vyew allow documents to be shared online during these phone conferences.

5.7. Wiki

The section also maintains a wiki which is used by the ARPSC leadership to develop certain plans and strategies. A wiki allows all participants to contribute asynchronously to a "document", which in many cases can be helpful.
Example Wiki Page
Wiki Page
Figure 7. Example Wiki Page

The wiki is maintained on github which keeps a historical record and allows easy rollback of changes if necessary.

6. Significant Incidents

In addition to numerous local incidents, in 2010 there were two incidents that caused at least partial activation of the State EOC.
In June, a tornado went through Monroe county causing significant damage to the Village of Dundee. In addition, the tornado damaged the E. Fermi II nuclear power plant which caused activation of the SEOC. No release occurred and the public was not endangered. ARES programs in Monroe and Wayne counties responded.
In July, a pipeline in Battle Creek operated by Enbridge Inc. ruptured, spilling crude oil into the Kalamazoo River. ARES programs from Calhoun, Allegan and Kalamazoo counties responded.
In neither case was the station at the State EOC activated, however in both cases the SEC monitored the progress of the event via the State's Critical Incident Management System and was in frequent telephone and radio contact with the local programs.

7. Exercises

Local programs participate in numerous local and District-wide exercises on a regular basis. There are also a number of statewide exercises in which the Section participates.

7.1. State-sponsored exercises

The State of Michigan performs a number of drills and exercises each year, most commonly concerned with nuclear power plants. During these drills and exercises, the State EOC station is activated, the SEC or his delegate participates in the EOC, and programs in the affected counties are activated.
Date Exercise Counties
January 21 Palisades Drill #1 Van Buren, Allegan, Kalamazoo
February 17 Palisades Drill #2 Van Buren, Allegan, Kalamazoo
March 2 Palisades Full-scale Exercise Van Buren, Allegan, Kalamazoo
May 12 E. Fermi II Drill #1 Monroe, Wayne
May 26 E. Fermi II Drill #2 Monroe, Wayne
June 8 E. Fermi II Full-scale Exercise Monroe, Wayne
Table 7. Michigan State Drills and Exercises

7.2. Section Exercises

The Section also organizes statewide exercises each year. Section exercises, unlike State-sponsored exercises, tend to be functional, exercising primarily communications skills, and are developed to attempt to engage all the counties within the state.
The interface between ARES and NTS has not been as effective as it might be. Two functional drills were held in 2010, both with the intention of helping to develop that interface.
The first was held April 10. In this exercise, detailed instructions were provided to the leadership of ARES and NTS as to expectations, circuits to be used, net schedules, etc. Although there were some issues, the programs performed reasonably well.
The second was held October 2. The scenario and overall plan was the same as the April drill, however, the Emergency Coordinators and Net Managers were given much less detail. That exercise made it clear that much more practice is needed in the NTS/ARES interface.

7.3. 2011 Exercise Plans

Emergency Coordinators have consistently asked for more statewide drills, with the most common request being for four per year. There is a major statewide exercise coming up in mid-year. This is being held in conjunction with a National Level Exercise (NLE) around the New Madrid fault called NM11.
Because of the upcoming New Madrid exercise, we have some additional needs, perhaps the most significant being embracing FEMA's Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP). For the 2011 cycle, our goals are as follows:
  • 2011
Present Problems
  • Interface with State Agencies is weak or nonexistent
  • Little knowledge of contacting other state EOCs
  • Have not been effective in evaluating exercises
Long Range Goal
  • Serve effectively as a partner to State Agencies as well as local agencies.
Functional Objectives
  • Develop relationships with some State Agencies
  • Develop multiple circuits to nearby state EOCs
  • Learn to utilize HSEEP effectively
Table 8. 2011 Objectives

This results in a fairly aggressive schedule for 2011. Note that a number of the exercises are not statewide, but rather to exercise specific skills within a limited group.
Ex11-x1 Feb 2011
  • Exercise: Functional Drill
  • For: Saginaw county, ARES leaders
  • Purpose: Exercise HSEEP
  • Rationale: The section has no experience with the FEMA process for developing and evaluating exercises. This is intended to pilot that process. Expect a simple drill but with most of the HSEEP deliverables.
Ex11-1 Feb 2011
  • Exercise: Functional Drill
  • For: Section wide
  • Purpose: Prepare for NM11
  • Rationale: Practice skills for NM11.
Ex11-x2 Mar 2011
  • Exercise: TTX
  • For: Michigan, Indiana NTSD
  • Purpose: Prepare for NM11
  • Rationale: Work out procedures for NM11. Validate relays from SEOC to WB9JSR to NTSD to Indiana key station to Indiana SEOC.
Ex11-x3 Mar 2011
  • Exercise: TTX
  • For: SEOC, MARS
  • Purpose: Prepare for NM11
  • Rationale: Work out procedures for NM11. Validate relays from SEOC to MARS to Indiana MARS rep to Indiana SEOC.
Ex11-x4 Apr 2011
  • Exercise: Functional Drill
  • For: Michigan, Indiana NTSD
  • Purpose: Prepare for NM11
  • Rationale: Test run procedures for moving messages over NTSD from the SEOC to the SEOC of Indiana in preparation for NM11.
Ex11-x5 Apr 2011
  • Exercise: Functional Drill
  • For: SEOC, MARS
  • Purpose: Prepare for NM11
  • Rationale: Test run procedures for moving messages over MARS digital from the SEOC to the SEOC of Indiana in preparation for NM11.
NM11 May 2011
  • Exercise: Full Scale Exercise
  • For: All State Agencies
  • Purpose: Test interface with other states
  • Rationale: Involve all agencies in an exercise that involves several other states.
Ex11-3 Aug 2011
  • Exercise: Functional Drill
  • For: Section wide
  • Purpose: tbd
  • Rationale: tbd
SET 2011 Oct 2011
  • Exercise: Functional Exercise
  • For: Section wide
  • Purpose: tbd
  • Rationale: tbd
Table 9. Planned 2011 Exercises

8. Conferences

In 2010, the Section Emergency Coordinator attended two conferences sponsored by the Michigan State Police. Several Emergency Coordinators also attended these conferences.
In May, the SEC attended the State Homeland Security Conference in Grand Rapids. Topics covered included terrorism, cyber security, use of social media, and interoperable communications.
In November, the SEC was privileged to speak at the State Interoperable Communications Conference in Traverse City. This conference was attended by a large number of Emergency Management Coordinators from across the state as well as other first responders.

9. State Homeland Security Strategy

In late 2009, the SEC participated with other State Agencies in the development of the State Homeland Security Strategy. In 2010 that strategy was approved, and a number of objective coordinators were appointed to focus on the various elements of the strategy.
Of particular interest to ARPSC was Goal 2:
Enhance, implement, and sustain homeland security programs.
 --Goal 2
and in particular
Annually identify planning needs to improve capabilities and address changing conditions by August 30.
 --Objective 2.1
The Section has committed to contribute to the State's progress against this objective by preparing a number of planning documents. Some of these documents have been completed, and a number are scheduled for 2011.
Date Document Description Responsible
2011-01-31 State Simplex Plan Agreement on use of simplex frequencies SEC and DECs
2011-01-31 2011 Exercise Plan How will we respond to 2011 exercises ASEC Training and Exercises
2011-03-31 District callout plan Plan for each district to mobilize ECs Each individual DEC responsible for district
2011-04-30 County callout plan Plan for each county to mobilize members Each individual EC responsible for county
2011-05-30 MI ARPSC Guidelines Guidelines for participants in MI-ARPSC. Signed by SM and MSP. Requires revision and review Bill Bond on point but heavy engagement of SM, SEC and DECs plus input from MSP
2011-06-30 Net callout plan Plan for each net to meet for unplanned session Each individual net manager responsible for net
2011-08-31 2012 Plans Objective 2.1 response plans for 2012 SEC
Table 10. Targeted Documents for 2011

Because many of these documents contain sensitive information, the SEC has developed a "library" on the website where these documents can be easily found and, if necessary, password protected. DECs and Net Managers have been given password access, and it is anticipated that most ECs will also require access. Each program within the Section has a dedicated area within the library.
Library Opening Page
Library Opening Page
Figure 8. Library Opening Page

It is anticipated that documents within the library will be available in a number of formats; html for online access, pdf for printed output, ePub for portable devices, and plain text for packet BBSs and similar low-bandwidth devices.

A. Revision History

Revision History
Revision 1-0Fri Jan 21 2011John McDonough
Release - remove draft watermark
Revision 0-2Thu Jan 20 2011John McDonough
Changes suggested by N8ERF:
- Adjust colors on Figure 2
- Rewording of 7.3 to better explain HSEEP
Avoid splitting Table 3
Add table of Objective 2.1 documents
Cosmetic adjustments to most tables
Revision 0-1Wed Jan 19 2011John McDonough
Draft Content
Revision 0-0Fri Jan 14 2011John McDonough
Initial creation of book by publican